IGRA USTVARJALNOSTI


Teorija in praksa urejanja prostora | Number 6 | Year 2018 | ISSN 2350-3637

Martina Zbašnik-Senegačnik

Vplivi notranjega prostora na otroke v šolah in vrtcih

DOI 10.15292/IU‑CG.2018.082-089 | UDK 747:378 | POSLANO: 10/2018 | PREGLEDANO: 11/2018 | OBJAVLJENO: 11/2018
Organizacija: Univerza v Ljubljani, Fakulteta za arhitekturo, Slovenija

POVZETEK
Študije in izkušnje kažejo, da je prostor pomemben dejavnik pri vzgoji in izobraževanju otrok. Stroka mu pripisuje vlogo tretjega učitelja, kar je pomembna in odgovorna funkcija. Prispevek izpostavlja pomen grajenega izobraževalnega prostora in se osredotoča na fizikalne parametre, ki zagotavljajo bivalno ugodje – toplotno ugodje, svetlobno okolje, akustično ugodje in kakovost zraka v notranjih prostorih. Obravnavani parametri ugodja v zadnjih desetletjih pridobivajo na pomenu na podlagi številnih študij, ki dokazujejo njihovo pomembnost in predvsem izpostavljajo negativne vplive na zdravje in počutje otrok ter njihovo učno uspešnost in napredovanje. Na dolgi izobraževalni poti od vrtca do fakultete preživi otrok v izobraževalnih ustanovah veliko časa, zato negativni potencial grajenega okolja ne sme biti zanemarjen. Arhitekt kot oblikovalec prostora vpliva na kakovost grajenega okolja že v najzgodnejši fazi načrtovanja – funkcionalna zasnova oblike stavbe mora omogočati osvetlitev z dnevno svetlobo in hkrati preprečevati možnost pregrevanja, nuditi akustično ugodje, izbrana gradiva ovoja stavbe in opreme ne smejo sproščati škodljivih substanc, vgrajeni tehnološki sistemi pa morajo zagotavljati ustrezno uravnavanje temperature in stalne izmenjave zraka.

KLJUČNE BESEDE
šole, negativni vplivi okolja na zdravje otrok, toplotno ugodje, svetlobno ugodje, akustično ugodje, kakovost notranjega zraka

CELOTEN ČLANEK
https://www.iu-cg.org/paper/2018/IU_CG_06-2018_zbasnik.pdf (0.21 MB)

CITAT
Zbašnik-Senegačnik, M. (2018). Vplivi notranjega prostora na otroke v šolah in vrtcih. Igra Ustvarjalnosti - Creativity Game, 6/2018, 82-89. https://dx.doi.org/10.15292/IU‑CG.2018.082-089

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