Theory and Practice of Spatial Planning | Number 7 | Year 2019 | ISSN 2350-3637

Uroš Rozman1, Gašper Mrak2:

Comparison of National Cycling Networks Abroad and in Slovenia

Creative Commons License DOI 10.15292/IU-CG.2019.07.068-075 | UDK 656.183 | SUBMITTED: 6/2019 | REVISED: 8/2019 | PUBLISHED: 10/2019
Author's affiliation: 1 Maribor Development Agency, Slovenia, 2 University of Ljubljana, Faculy of Civil and Geodetic Engineering, Slovenia

Cycling has become one of the most sustainable forms of mobility in Europe and around the world, which does not pollute the environment, is economically undemanding and at the same time improves the quality of life of its inhabitants. Examples from abroad show an increasing use of the bicycle as the main means of transport, which is also reflected in changes in transport management policies at urban, regional and national level. A well thought-out and safe network of cycle paths in Northern European countries is already reflected in the higher proportion of cycling trips. This article presents different systems for managing bicycle networks in Europe and worldwide, from network design categorisation of bicycle connections to examples of implementation and frequency of use of individual routes. The paper presents documents of the national cycling network in Slovenia in recent years and the results of project CRP V2-1513 (B): Model of the integration of Slovenian bicycle network. Finally, the guidelines for the establishment of the national bicycle network in Slovenia are proposed, because only through good design of the bicycle network can we ensure its usefulness and attractiveness.

National cycling network, cycling route, cycling path, Slovenia


Rozman, U., Mrak, G. (2019). Comparison of National Cycling Networks Abroad and in Slovenia. Igra ustvarjalnosti - Creativity Game, (7), 68-75.

Adventure Cycling Association. (2016, januar 8). National Corridor Plan | U.S. Bicycle Route System. Pridobljeno 11. november 2019., od Adventure Cycling Association website:
Adam, L., Jones, T., in te Brömmelstroet, M. (2018). Planning for cycling in the dispersed city: Establishing a hierarchy of effectiveness of municipal cycling policies. Transportation.
Andersen, M. C. (2009). Behavioural Challenges for Urban Cycling. Pridobljeno 5. november 2019., od
Andrejčič Mušič, P. (2005). Zasnova državnega kolesarskega omrežja v Republiki Sloveniji. Ljubljana: Direkcija Republike Slovenije za ceste.
Andrejčič Mušič, P. (2009). Kolesarski projekti, ki jih sofinancira Evropska unija. Ljubljana: Ministrstvo za promet, Direkcija Republike Slovenije za ceste.
Andrejčič Mušič, P., in Čerpes, I. (2015). A holistic approach to the integration of bicycle traffic into the urban landscape. Igra Ustvarjalnosti - Creativity Game, (5), 078–088.
Bonham, J., & Suh, J. (2008). Pedalling the city: Intra-urban differences in cycling for the journey-to-work. A Journal of Australian and New Zealand Research and Practice, 17(4), 25–40.
CBI. (2018). Cycling tourism from Europe. Pridobljeno 6. november 2019., od Centre for the Promotion of Imports from developing countries website:
Danube Cycle Path—Donau Österreich [Text]. (2017). Pridobljeno 6. november 2019., od
Davies, N., Lumsdon, L., McGrath, P., Peeters, P., Eijgelaar, E., in Piket, P. (2012). The European Cycle Route Network Eurovelo (str. 196). Pridobljeno od European Parliament website:
de Nazelle, A., Nieuwenhuijsen, M. J., Antó, J. M., Brauer, M., Briggs, D., Braun-Fahrlander, C., … Lebret, E. (2011). Improving health through policies that promote active travel: A review of evidence to support integrated health impact assessment. Environment International, 37(4), 766–777.
Dufour, D. (2010). PRESTO Cycling Policy Guide Infrastructure (str. 49). Pridobljeno od
Edwards, P., & Tsouros, A. (2006). Promoting physical activity and active living in urban environments—The Role of Local Governments. Pridobljeno od
Gao, J., Kamphuis, C. B. M., Dijst, M., & Helbich, M. (2018). The role of the natural and built environment in cycling duration in the Netherlands. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 15(1).
Jarrett, J., Woodcock, J., Griffiths, U. K., Chalabi, Z., Edwards, P., Roberts, I., in Haines, A. (2012a). Effect of increasing active travel in urban England and Wales on costs to the National Health Service. The Lancet, 379(9832), 2198–2205.
Kaplan, S., Mikolasek, I., Bruhova Foltynova, H., Janstrup, K. H., in Prato, C. G. (2019). Attitudes, norms and difficulties underlying road sharing intentions as drivers and cyclists: Evidence from the Czech Republic. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 13(5), 350–362.
Kärnten Werbung. (2010). Radwegbechilderung Karten. Pridobljeno od
Krizek, K. J., in Johnson, P. J. (2006). Proximity to Trails and Retail: Effects on Urban Cycling and Walking. Journal of the American Planning Association, 72(1), 33–42.
Larsen, J. E. (2012). EuroVelo projekt: Orodje za razvoj kolesarskega turizma—Tudi v Sloveniji. V K. Hanžič & S. Cesnik (Ur.), Daljinske kolesarske poti: Priložnosti za trajnostni razvoj Slovenije. Maribor: Fakulteta za gradbeništvo.
Meschik, M. (2012). Sustainable Cycle Tourism along the Danube Cycle Route in Austria. Tourism Planning & Development, 9(1), 41–56.
Oldenziel, R., & Albert de la Bruhèze, A. (2011). Contested Spaces: Bicycle Lanes in Urban Europe, 1900-1995. Transfers, 1(2).
O’Sullivan, F. (2016). Germany Launches Its Ambitious National „Bike Autobahn“ Cycle Network. Pridobljeno 5. november 2019., od CityLab website:
Parkin, J., Wardman, M., & Page, M. (2007). Models of perceived cycling risk and route acceptability. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 39(2), 364–371.
Piket, P., Eijgelaar, E., & Peeters, P. (2013). European cycle tourism: A tool for sustainable regional rural development. Applied Studies In Agribusiness And Commerce, 7(2–3), 115–119.
Pucher, J., & Buehler, R. (2008). Cycling for Everyone: Lessons from Europe. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2074(1), 58–65.
Pucher, J., Peng, Z., Mittal, N., Zhu, Y., & Korattyswaroopam, N. (2007). Urban Transport Trends and Policies in China and India: Impacts of Rapid Economic Growth. Transport Reviews, 27(4), 379–410.
Rojas-Rueda, D., de Nazelle, A., Andersen, Z. J., Braun-Fahrländer, C., Bruha, J., Bruhova-Foltynova, H., … Nieuwenhuijsen, M. J. (2016). Health Impacts of Active Transportation in Europe. PLOS ONE, 11(3), e0149990.
Rozman, U. (2014). Prostorska umestitev Dravske kolesarske poti med Dravogradom in Središčem ob Dravi: Magistrsko delo (Univerza v Ljubljani, Fakulteta za gradbeništvo in geodezijo). Pridobljeno od
Sirše, J., Berčič, H., in Sila, B. (2005). Strategija razvoja kolesarskega turističnega proizvoda kolesarjenje v Sloveniji. Pridobljeno od
Sustrans. (2018). Paths for everyone—Sustrans’ review of the National Cycle Network 2018.
The German Cycle Network. (2012). Pridobljeno 5. november 2019., od DNETZ RADNETZ Deutschland website:
Weston, R., Davies, N., Peeters, P., in Eijgelaar, E. (2012a). The European cycle route network Eurovelo. Pridobljeno od
Willenpart, T. (2013). Državno kolesarsko omrežje v Republiki Sloveniji. Pridobljeno od
Zakon o cestah (2010). Uradni list Republike Slovenije št. 109/2010. Ljubljana.