CREATIVITY GAME


Theory and Practice of Spatial Planning | Number 7 | Year 2019 | ISSN 2350-3637

Arbresha Ibrahimi1, Tadeja Zupančič1, Ljubo Lah1:

The Law on Museums as a contributor to degradation of museums in the Republic of North Macedonia

Creative Commons License DOI 10.15292/IU-CG.2019.07.076-085 | UDK 069(497.7) | SUBMITTED: 7/2019 | REVISED: 8/2019 | PUBLISHED: 10/2019
Author's affiliation: 1 University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture, Slovenia

ABSTRACT
The North Republic of Macedonia faces state identity problems. The state’s concern is to create a state identity based on the Macedonian national identity. To prove the Macedonian national identity as a state identity, the government (2006-2017) works to create a clear cut history of the Macedonian nationality. The search for and proving of the history of the Macedonians and state “roots” as a clean, ethnically Macedonian state, presents a national pathology. Museums are used as curators of national identity in order to prove this state ideology. But the truth is that the Republic of North Macedonia is a multi-ethnic state with a mixed history that has left social and cultural traces. Despite this, the Law on Museums in the Republic of North Macedonia has been changed to conform to the nationalistic ideology, which has damaged the first value and role of museums. The ICOM Code of Ethics for Museums is an international code for integrating any museum and culture into the regional and global context, without discriminating against any element of the museum’s complexity, and it can be used to find areas for improvement. Through the optics of the ICOM Code of Ethics for Museums, an analysis of the relevant Macedonian legal documents and their changes indicates the reasons for the loss of the traditional role of museums in North Macedonia. In the article’s conclusion, we define the starting points for legal changes, the need to restore the value of museums in the Republic of North Macedonia, and to create socio-spatial-sustainability through museums.

KEYWORDS
ICOM Code of Ethics, museums, the Law on Museums of the Republic of North Macedonia, museum socio-spatial-sustainability

FULL ARTICLE
https://iu-cg.org/paper/2019/IU-CG.2019.07.076-085.pdf (1.97 MB)

CITATION
Ibrahimi, A., Zupančič, T., Lah, L. (2019). The Law on Museums as a contributor to degradation of museums in the Republic of North Macedonia. Igra ustvarjalnosti - Creativity Game, (7), 76-84. https://dx.doi.org/10.15292/IU-CG.2019.07.076-085

LITERATURE AND SOURCES:
The ICOM Code of Ethics for Museums (2017). Accessed on 7April 2019, https://icom.museum/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/ICOM-code-En-web.pdf
Law on Amending and Supplementing the Law on Museums (2008, 2010, 2011, 2015, 2016). Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia, No. 89/08, 116/10, 51/11, 88/15, 152/15, 39/16.
Law on Culture, Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia (1998). No. 31/1998. Accessed on 7 April 2019, http://www.slvesnik.com.mk/Issues/5A5AFC3C14D749518E0C81BB6A930D37.pdf
Law on Museums, Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia (2004), No. 66/04, Accessed on 7 April 2019, http://www.pravo.org.mk/documentDetail.php?id=191
Law on Protection of Cultural Heritage (2004), Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia. No. 20/04. Accessed on 7 April 2019, http://www.pravo.org.mk/documentDetail.php?id=414
Regulations on Nature Protection (2004), Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia, No. 67/04. Accessed on 7 April 2019, http://www.pravo.org.mk/documentDetail.php?id=614
Rulebook on the standards for determining the types of museums, their work, accommodation and storage of museum objects and museum documentation (2006), Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia, No. 72/06, pp. 8 - 16, Accessed on 7 April 2019, http://www.slvesnik.com.mk/Issues/EC60D4EB1164DA47979927A750C56431.pdf
State Statistical Office of the Republic of North Macedonia (2018), Accessed on 20 June 2019, <http://www.stat.gov.mk/PrikaziSoopstenie_en.aspx?rbrtxt=30>.
Gazevic, N., Maudus, S. (1974). Ratna privredna - Spahije. Vojna Enciklopedija, vol 8, p. 653.
Hein, H. (2000), The Museum in Transition: A Philosophical Perspective, Smithsonian Books, Washington, United States.
International council of museums (2017), ICOM Code of Ethics for Museums, International council of museums, Paris, France.
Sandahl, J. (2018), ‘The museum definition as the backbone of ICOM’, Standing committee for museum definition, prospects and, ICOM, ICOM - International council of museums.
Vasilievski, V. (2012), Skici od urbanizam i arhitektura, 2nd edn, Grafotrejd dooel Skopje, Skopje.
Skopje 2014 pod lupa (2018). Accesssed on 2018, <http://skopje2014.prizma.birn.eu.com/>.