Theory and Practice of Spatial Planning | Number 7 | Year 2019 | ISSN 2350-3637

Boštjan Cotič1, Boštjan Kerbler1:

The Analysis of Brownfields Related Topics in Slovenian Spatial Planning Legislation from 2002 to 2017

Creative Commons License DOI 10.15292/IU-CG.2019.07.022-027 | UDK 711.585 | SUBMITTED: 8/2019 | REVISED: 9/2019 | PUBLISHED: 10/2019
Author's affiliation: 1 Urban Planning Institute of the Republic of Slovenia, Ljubljana, Slovenia

Slovenia as an industrialized country faced the problem of brownfields only after independence in 1991 when market economy principles were re-introduced, and several industrial sectors became uncompetitive in a European and global scale. Lack of the awareness of the problem made it possible that no clear definition of the brownfields has been developed until 1998. The spatial planning legislation was lagging even more with a first formal definition of a brownfield made only in 2007. The aim of the paper is to analyze the development in brownfield related terminology in Slovenian spatial planning legislation, especially related to the definition of the brownfield site and brownfield regeneration process. All three spatial planning acts (ZUreP-1, ZPNačrt and ZUreP-2), adopted in independent Slovenia were analyzed based on the same brownfield related keywords. All three laws included the topics related to brownfields in several section of the respective document. The terminology changed with each new law and the formal definitions as well. There is a pattern in terminological differentiation of the definition of the regeneration process, one for urban brownfields and other for non-urban. It seems that one terminology came from the urban planning field and the other one from the environmental and landscape field. There is a need for a more standardized approach in terminology and an overall shift towards understanding brownfields as a spatial phenomenon that regardless of its location needs a holistic approach in regeneration.

brownfields, regeneration, rehabilitation, legislation, terminology


Cotič, B., Kerbler, B. (2019). The Analysis of Brownfields Related Topics in Slovenian Spatial Planning Legislation from 2002 to 2017. Igra ustvarjalnosti - Creativity Game, (7), 22-27.

Cabernet (2006). Sustainable Brownfield Regeneration. Cabernet Network Report. Nottingham, University of Nottingham, 134p.
Cotič, B. (2018). Industrial symbiosis in brownfields in Kranj, Slovenia. V: 3rd World Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering, Architecture, Urban Planning Symposium (WMCAUS 2018), 18-22 June 2018, Prague, Czech Republic. IOP conference series, ISSN 1757-899X, Materials science and engineering, vol. 471. Bristol: IOP. 2019, 471, 1-10.
De Sousa, C. (2017). Trying to Smart-In-Up and Cleanup Our Act by Linking Regional Growth Planning, Brownfields Remediation, and Urban Infill in Southern Ontario Cities. Urban Planning, 2(3), 5.
Ferber, U. (ed.). (2006). Brownfields handbook, Poland, Ostrava, LEBOP, Leonardo da Vinci pilot project., Accessed on 3rd July 2019.
Garb, Y. In Jackson, J. (2011). Brownfields in the Czech Republic, 1989–2009: The long path to integrated land management. Journal of Urban Regeneration and Renewal, Henry Stewart Publications, 3(3), 263–276.
Gomboc, M. (2018). Mala slovnica slovenskega jezika : priročnik za šolo in vsakdanjo rabo, 1. izd., 7. natis, dotis, DZS, Ljubljana 2018.
Ilík, J. and Bergatt Jackson, J. (2006). Dobrodružství kocoura Brownfielda: kocour Brownfield přináší nové příležitosti našim městům a obcím. Ostrava: IURS. Retrieved from
Koželj, J., Ažman Momirski, L., Maligoj, T., Omerzu, B. (1998). Degradirana urbana območja. Ljubljana: Ministrstvo za okolje in prostor, Urad RS za prostorsko planiranje.
Lampič, B., et al. (2017). Celovita metodologija za popis in analizo degradiranih območij, izvedba pilotnega popisa in vzpostavitev ažurnega registra: končno poročilo. Ljubljana: Filozofska fakulteta, Univerza v Ljubljani, 2017.
Longo, A., Campbell, D. (2017). The Determinants of Brownfields Redevelopment in England Environmental and Resource Economics, 67(2), p. 261.
Mušič, B. and Cotič, B. (2012). Brownfield regeneration management: From education to practice, final Brochure of the project INTERREG Central Europe COBRAMAN, Urbanistični inštitut Republike Slovenije, Ljubljana, 2012.
Oliver, L., Ferber, U., Grimski, D., Millar, K. and Nathanail, P. (2005). The Scale and Nature of European Brownfield. Berlin: Federal Environment Agency Germany.
Oliviera, E.H. da S. (2015). Place branding in strategic spatial planning: A content analysis of development plans, strategic initiatives and policy documents for Portugal 2014-2020. Journal of Place Management and Development, 8 (1), pp. 23–50.
Tabasso, M., Marietta, C., Melis, G. (ed). (2019). Implementation of Sustainable Land Use in Integrated Environmental Management of Functional Urban Areas, LUMAT project Booklet,
Pravno informacijski sistem. (2002). Zakon o urejanju prostora. Retrieved July 15, 2019 from
ZPNačrt. (2007). Zakon o prostorskem načrtovanju, Ur. l. RS št. 33/2007. Retrieved June 1, 2019 from
ZUreP-1. (2002). Zakon o urejanju prostora, Ur. l. RS št. 110/2002. Retrieved June 1, 2019 from
ZUreP-2. (2017). Zakon o urejanju prostora, Ur. l. RS št. 61/2017. Retrieved June 1, 2019 from
ZVO-1. (2004). Zakon o varstvu okolja (Environmental Protection Act), Ur. l. RS št. 41/2004. Retrieved June 1, 2019 from